Salamanca is situated in the Northern Spanish meseta, 800 m above sea level, on the banks of the river Tormes, a tributary of the river Duero. It has a Continental Mediterranean climate with cold winters, warm summers, and little rainfall, classified by Köppen y Geiger as Csb, that is, a warm-summer Mediterranean climate.
In Salamanca, the summers are short, warm, and mostly clear; the winters are very cold, windy, and partly cloudy; and it is dry year round.
Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from –2ºC (31°F) to 30ºC (86°F) and rarely goes below –6ºC (22°F) or above 36ºC (94°F). Average temperature in the winter is between 4º and 5ºC (39.2ºF and 41ºF). Minimum temperature drops frequently below 0. Rainfall is scarce over the whole year with an annual average of 370mm, yet rain is more frequent in the spring and the fall. The summer is primarily dry with only two days of rain per month.
The cold season lasts for 3.6 months, from November 15 to March 3, with an average daily high temperature below 13ºC (55°F.) The coldest day of the year is January 23, with an average low of -1ºC (31°F) and average high of 9ºC (48°F).
The hot season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 15 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 25ºC (78°F). The hottest day of the year is July 30, with an average high of 30ºC (86°F) and lows of 13.5ºC (56°F). August is the driest month with an average of 11mm, while December the rainiest, 51mm. July and August present temperatures above 30ºC (86º), but it cools down at night and the temperature can drop to 13ºF (55.4ºF).
August is the driest month with an average of 11mm, while December the rainiest, 51mm. July and August present temperatures above 30ºC (86º), but it cools down at night and the temperature can drop to 13ºF (55.4ºF).
July is the hottest month with an average of 21.6°C (71ºF), January is the coldest with an average of 3.9°C (40ºF).
In June: average temperature is 18.4ºC (65.1ºF)
Minimum: 11.3ºC (52.3ºF)
Maximum: 25.6ºC (78.1ºF)
Yet, June is one of the most unpredictable months in Salamanca. In the last years it has registered high temperatures in the first weeks of the month followed by an abrupt decline in the latter part of the month. In general, it is warm enough and you don’t need to wear a jacket during the day. It can be sunny and the temperature can rise to 25ºC or 30ºC (77ºF or 80ºF) yet the following day it can drop to 16ºC or 17ºC (60º F or 63ºF).
The good thing about spending June in Salamanca is that usually it is not very hot, and the temperature is much more moderate than in July and August. If you have bad luck and the temperature drops you can always solve the problem with a jacket.
According to the National Meteorological Agency (AEMET) in June
- Average maximum temperature: 25.2ºC (77.36ºF)
Average minimum temperature: 10.5ºC (50.9ºF)
General Information about the Weather in Salamanca
Meteorological winters are long and cold (approximately 160 days) and summers are shorter and warm (100 days). Minimum absolute temperature registered until the present is -20ºC (on February 5, 1963) and absolute maximum 39.8ºC (on July 31, 1947).
Annual number of days in which the sky is totally clear is 80, average annual sunshine is 2,586 hours.
Rainfall is infrequent, an average of 66 days per year which means an average of 400 mm/year, although there can be tempestuous episodes of high intensity. Maximum absolute rainfall, until 1990, was 59mm (L/m2) as registered on November 3, 1955. Light winds are predominant, although the wind can frequently reach 80km/h and in some cases 100km/h
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